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Tissues

Classification of Epithelium

Blood

Blood Plasma

Erythrocytes (red blood cells) are filled with O2 carrying haemoglobin

Leukocytes (white blood cells)

Lymphocytes (6-18µm)

Monocytes (12-20µm)

Granulocytes

Blood clotting

Blood vessels

Arteries

Veins

Capillaries

Lungs and Respiration

Diffusion and gas exchange

Structure of the lungs

Alveolar Gas Exchange

Ventilation

Measurements of Ventilation

Coordination of breathing

Inspiration (inhalation)

Normal expiration

Forced expiration (exercise)

Control of breathing - Respiratory control

Breathing rate is monitored by

Sensory nerves send information to the medulla via cranial nerves

Motor nerves send commands to muscles or organs

Heart

Cardiac Anatomy

The Cardiac Cycle

Atrial systole

Ventricular systole

Ventricular diastole

Electrophysiology

Blood pressure

Regulation of the Cardiac Cycle

Cardiac output as a function of stroke volume and heart rate

Regulation of heart rate → Cardiac output is influenced by several factors

Autonomic Nervous System

Hormonal influence

Electrolyte Balance

Pressure Changes During the Cardiac Cycle